JEWELRY GLOSSARY - -
CABACHON: A rounded or domed stone without facets
CAMEO: Relief carving in coral, shell, lava, onyx, ivory, or synthetic materials
CANNETILLE: A type of metal work similar to filigree. It typically features fine gold wires or thinly hammered sheets. Motifs include scrolls, coils, tendrils, beehives and rosettes. Cannetillle is often dimensional; filigree is usually flat. See FILIGREE
CARAT: Standard weight measurement of gemstones; one carat equals 0.2 grams. One hundredth of a gram is called a point.
CARNELIAN: A variety of chalcedony in tones of burnt orange to deep red. Dyed agate is often mistaken for carnelian.
CARTOUCHE: Shield in jewelry often holding initials or a monogram; seen also in hallmarks
CAT'S EYE: Term used to describe the optical property of a stone which appears to have a shimmering slit in it. The technical term is CHATOYANCY.
CELLULOID: A man-made plastic
CHAIN MAIL: Fabric created by joining together small metal rings; sometimes spelled as one word: Chainmail
CHALCEDONY: A variety of quartz which includes onyx, agate, and jasper
CHAMPLEVE: Type of enamel in which the design is first outlined on a metal surface by cutting lines in the surface and then the grooves are filled with enamel, fired, and polished
CHANNEL SETTING: Series of stones positioned closely together in a single, straight line inside a metal channel
CHARM: Small bauble attached so that it dangles from a chain; smaller than a pendant
CHASING: Type of metal decoration wherein the metal is manipulated using a hammer and punch
CHATELAINE: Decorative pin with dangling chain(s) to hold commonly needed household objects and accessories
CHATOYANCY: See CAT'S EYE
CHOKER NECKLACE: Close-fitting, non-dangling necklace, worn snugly at the neck
CIGAR BAND: Wide band ring
CITRINE: A form of quartz in tones of greenish-yellow; heat-treated stones can appear orange or reddish-brown
CLADDAGH: A design of two hands clasping a heart topped by a crown; dates back more than 300 years and is used to symbolize faith, trust, and loyalty
CLASP: Jewelry closure
CLAW SETTING: A method of holding gemstones in place with prongs;also called PRONG SETTING
CLOISONNE: Method of enamel in which the design is outlined with wire; color is placed within each section and then the piece is fired and polished
COCKTAIL RING: A large, over-sized ring often set with gemstones.
COIN SILVER: A mixture of silver and alloys; refers to both silver in currency and the silver which has been melted down and refashioned into jewelry
COLLAR NECKLACE: Resembling a shirt collar; sometimes used as a synonym for CHOKER
CONNEMARA MARBLE: A greenish-white marble found in Ireland
COPPER: A reddish metal
CORAL: Natural material from the sea; color range froms pink to red to black
CORALENE: Surface design of applied frit, a gritty material; sometimes called SUGAR
CURB LINK: Twisted oval link
CUT STEEL: Steel jewelry resembling rivets
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