BAGUETTE: A rectangular, elongated, faceted gemstone or rhinestone
BAKELITE: A plastic made from formaldehyde and phenol
BALE or BAIL: The finding used to attach a pendant to a necklace or a charm to a bracelet
BAND: A ring, usually with uniform thickness; with or without gemstones
BANGLE: Rigid bracelet; round or oval
BAR PIN: Elongated, narrow pin worn horizontally usually at the neck
BAROQUE PEARLS: Irregularly shaped pearls
BAS RELIEF: Design with slight projection from the surface
BASE METAL: Non-precious metal such as zinc, lead, copper, or a combination of them. See POT METAL
BASSE-TAILLE: Enameling technique in which the underlying metal is in low relief
BEZEL SETTING: A setting wherein the stone is held in place by a band of metal around the outside of the stone. Also called a GYPSY SETTING.
BIB NECKLACE: A necklace with a broad front section covering part of the chest
BILLIKEN: An elf-like figure popularized in the 1930s and seen in design from both Alaska and Japan
BLACKAMOOR: European designed stylized figures of African men and woman. Now considered culturally insensitive
BLISTER PEARL: Pearls cut from the mollusk resulting in dome shapes with flat backs
BOG OAK: Dark brown, natural peat material, a substitute sometimes used in Victorian mourning jewelry
BOHEMIAN GARNET: Deep red stones, cut to resemble rubies
BONE: Actual animal bone, usually duller than ivory and grained with lines or dots traveling in a single direction. Bone yellows with age.
BOOKCHAIN: A metal chain with square or rectanular links of folded metal. The links are often engraved or embossed.
BRIDGE JEWELRY: Contemporary term used to fill the gap between fine jewelry and costume jewelry. Jewelry made of silver or gold fill and / or with semi-precious stones fits into this category.
BROOCH: Used as a synonym of pin; it's really larger and heavier than a pin
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